Cuffley Industrial Heritage Society

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Telford Toll House

On Anglesey, we will see the last toll house on Telford’s Holyhead Road, and the only one which still displays the rates of toll.

Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch station

This is one of the original Chester & Holyhead Railway station buildings.  Designed by Francis Thompson as two storey rectangular structures in the Georgian style, this is one of the smallest on the line.

Port Dinorwig (Y Felinheli or Velinheli)

This small private port was constructed entirely to export slate from Dinorwig quarry, brought down by the tramway and later railway. It has its own dry dock (currently out of operation) with a gate which opens by falling to the floor. That gate itself is hollow so that it is lifted by blowing air out of it forcing it to rise into position.

Parc Glynllifon

We will be visiting the estate workshops, to see a demonstration of the stationery steam engine which was used to power the saw mill equipment.  I quote from their leaflet:-

“The Saw Mill equipment – both boiler, vertical frame saw and circular saw – was designed, built and installed by Thomas & de Winton, Union Foundry, Caernarfon in building designed by Lord Newborough’s staff.

“The boiler is dated 1854, was installed in 1855 (the year that the building was erected), and the engine by March 1856. As far as we are aware, the Glynllifon engine is the oldest engine of its type still steaming and still in its original housing ! No other Thomas & de Winton horizontal stationery engines are known to have survived although 6 or 7 of their “coffee pot” locomotives still exist of which “Chaloner” is still active.

“Owen Thomas had already established the Union Foundry on Lord Newborough’s quay, Caernarfon and on June 18th 1853 Jeffreys Party de Winton joined him in partnership thus adding de Winton’s engineering (including steam) skills to Thomas’s master foundryman skills. So the Glynllifon engine is not only the partnership’s earliest surviving steam engine, it may even have been the first built.

“Thomas & de Winton also designed, supplied and installed the Gas Works in the far corner of the Workshop yard. This was started in 1856 and completed the following year at a cost of £229.

Wedgwood Visitor Centre

“Josiah Wedgwood was a multi-talented visionary: he combined the skills of a scientist, an artist, an engineer, a social and environmental reformer with shrewd commercial instincts.

“Set in 200 acres of rolling parkland, the Wedgwood Visitor Centre is a comprehensive and absorbing account of Wedgwood past and present.

We aim to arrive here in time for a late lunch but early enough to go round the victory before it closes to visitors

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2003 Page 6 of 7 Study tour case notes

Bibliography :  Reference Books available during the Trip

1 Guide book to Royal Air Force Museum Cosford

2 Telford in the Dee Valley Clwyd County Council              ISBN 0 904449 56 4

An excellent booklet providing background to Telford’s works on both the Ellesmere Canal, (with details of both Chirk and Pontcysyllte aqueducts and Chirk tunnel), and the Holyhead Road

 3   Industrial Gwynedd: Volume 4, 1999 Plateway Press      ISBN 1 871980 44 5

Contains articles on

The Peris boats

Fire Queen – a Time Warp at Dinorwig.

Water Wheel at Gilfach Ddu (now the Welsh Slate Museum)

Restoration of the Vivian Quarry V2 incline

4 Llechi / Slate - M J T Lewis : Gwynedd Archives Service      ISBN 0 901337 17 X

A selection of old photographs recalling the quarries and quarrymen and the techniques used to extract the slate

5 Slate Quarry Album - Gordon & Ann Hatherill     2001          RCL Publications

A beautifully illustrated book about slate quarries and all aspects of its industrial archaeology

6 Slates to Velinheli (The Railways and Tramways of Dinorwic Slate Quarries)

-  D C Carrington & T F Rushworth  (undated but about 1973)

7 How Ffestiniog got its Railway - M J T Lewis : Railway & Canal Historical Society; 1968

A small book dealing with the Festiniog Railway’s “pre-history” from first ideas (1800)to completion of the line in 1836

8 The Welsh Highland Railway - Charles E Lee   1970

This booklet provides a history of the W H R and its antecedents

9 The Welsh Highland Railway – A Phoenix Rising John Stretton 1999

A review in photographs of the old and the new railway


Tremadog – Historic Planned Town

11A Taste of Madocks & The Wonder of Wales – Elizabeth Beazley

12Hydro Electricity in Snowdonia – CEGB, 1976

A pamphlet on three early hydro electric generating stations


The Wedgwood Story Visitor Centre – Guide Book 2003

Bibliography :  Further Reading

 The Festiniog Railway Vol. 1 & 2 J I C Boyd                                  Oakwood Press

The definitive history – over 600 pages devoted to a line less than 14 miles long

Ffestiniog Adventure Brian Hollingsworth  1981                     David & Charles

The story of the building of “The Deviation” to re-connect the railway around Llyn Ystradau the lake created for the Tanygrisiau pumped-storage power station.

An illustrated history of the Welsh Highland Railway Peter Johnson 2002               Oxford Publishing Co.                                            ISBN 0 86093 565 5

Many excellent illustrations, maps and diagrams supporting a detailed narrative of the complex shannigans which finally led to the creation of the WHR

2004 Study tour case notes

C I H S Study trip notes